Non-specific urethritis (NSU) occurs when the tube that carries urine out of the body, the urethra, becomes inflamed and causes pain and a burning sensation during urination. The condition is mostly caused by an infection, but as the name states ďnon-specificĒ urethritis means that the exact cause of the infection is not known. NSU mainly occurs as a side effect of another STI such as chlamydia, mycoplasma or ureaplasma, but can also be caused by damage to the urethra as a result of vigorous sexual intercourse as well as other factors.
NSU is more difficult to diagnose in men than it is in women and is most often asymptomatic. The most common symptoms, if they do occur, include increased urinations and a white cloudy discharge.
Tests and Treatments
There is no individual test for NSU because this condition only occurs alongside other STIs. To test for non-specific urethritis, TestDiagnostics recommend that you take our 7 STI Profile by PCR test, an extensive test for the 7 most common sexually transmitted infections.
A 7 STI Profile by PCR test will detect with accuracy whether any of the 7 most common sexually transmitted infections, including the NSU condition, are present. These include
- Chlamydia trachomatis (PCR)
- Neisseria gonorrhoea (PCR)
- Mycoplasma genitalium (PCR)
- Ureaplasma urealyticum (PCR)
- Trichomonas vaginalis (PCR)
- Gardnerella vaginalis/Bacterial vaginosis (PCR)
- Herpes simplex I/II (DNA)
Both Azithromycin and Doxycycline are effective treatments for non-specific urethritis, as they help to stop the growth and spread of the infection in the urinary tract.
NSU carries with it several risk factors, including recurrent urethritis, epididymo-orchitis and Reiterís Syndrome, all of which can cause long-term damage to your health and/or fertility so itís best to get treatment for this condition as soon as possible.
Non-Specific Urethritis FAQs
- What is non-specific urethritis?
Non-specific urethritis is mainly defined as an inflammation of the urethra caused by an infection transmitted through unprotected sexual contact.
- How is non-specific urethritis contracted?
You can get non-specific urethritis from unprotected sex, from urethral damage as a result of vigorous sexual intercourse, or as a result of a gonorrhoea infection.
- What are the symptoms of non-specific urethritis?
NSU is mostly asymptomatic so itís difficult to know if you have it. The most common symptoms however include burning or pain while urinating or during sex or a cloudy/white discharge.
- How is non-specific urethritis diagnosed?
Non-specific urethritis can be diagnosed through a simple urine test or a swab of the infected area.
- Can it be cured?
Yes, NSU can easily be cured with a simple dose of antibiotics such as Doxycycline and Azithromycin.